Taking care of your eyes is a very important part of maintaining overall good health. With over 60 years optical experience, you can be confident that DW Roberts will provide expert eye care along with up-to-date and meaningful advice about the range of spectacles and contact lenses available.
Our five practices in Bletchley, Newport Pagnell, Stony Stratford, Towcester and Wolverton cover the wider areas of Milton Keynes, including Fenny Stratford, Olney, Buckingham and Winslow in North Buckinghamshire and Brackley in South Northamptonshire.
Find out more about eyesight at different life-stages:
Find out more about common eye conditions
We advise regular eye tests for children and young adults. Lens prescription changes may occur at different stages in their physical development.
From this age some natural changes occur within the eye. These may be summarised as:
Natural changes that occur within the eye that result in a reduced ability to focus at close range.
As the eyes age there is an increased risk of dry eye. Ask your optician for advice on dry eye and contact lenses.
The vitreous humour (a jelly like substance in the eye), becomes more liquid with age. Parts of the vitreous may break off, causing shadow like /images (floaters) in your vision. Some people describe these black specs, as little flies or spiders in their vision.
Many people experience these natural changes. However if many floaters appear and you experience flashing lights, or a decrease in vision you should treat this seriously and contact an optician or go to A&E straight away as could be these symptoms of retinal detatchment.
The rate of change in the eye varies with each individual. Beyond the age of 60 your vision may deteriorate due to degenerative changes that happen within the eye or decreased transparency of the surfaces of the eye.
Changes within the eye and conditions more prevalent in people over 60 include:
Over the age of 60, once presbyopia has occurred, people frequently need a different glasses prescription for reading and computer use. This can be resolved with varifocal lenses which allow a progression from distance to near.
Some of the more common changes that can happen within the eye during pregnancy include:
ARMD is a progressive condition, which can lead to severely reduced vision. The two categories for ARMD are:
This is the more common of the two conditions and is a slow progressive build up of waste material at the back of the eye, resulting in reduced vision. Currently there is no treatment for dry AMD, although some studies have shown that certain nutrient supplements can slow the progression of the condition. DW Roberts sell a variety of nutrient supplements.
This is a less common condition but it progresses much faster and can lead to severely reduced vision in days or months. Wet AMD is caused by leakage of blood vessels at the back of the eye, which affects central vision. There are some treatments for wet AMD, depending on the level of your vision and the progression of the disease.
People who have ARMD may notice a reduction in their central vision – reading fine print and recognising faces may be more difficult and straight lines may appear 'wobbly'. If you notice this, it is important to contact your optician as soon as possible. At DW Roberts our optometrists are here to help you.
There have been many suggested risk factors for ARMD, but the only known risk factors are age, smoking and family history.
Retinal photography is recommended for AMD sufferers along with those suffering from high blood pressure, headaches, flashing lights, floaters, diabetes, glaucoma and those with a high prescription.
These are caused by changes to the lens of the eye. Your lenses become cloudy, and this can have a negative impact on vision so you may feel you are looking through frosted glass.
Age related cataracts normally develop slowly over a long period of time, and can affect people in different ways. Once a cataract reduces vision to a significant level, it may be necessary to have surgery. Cataract operations are the most frequently performed surgery in the UK. For people with early cataracts, and for those who do not want surgery, our opticians can advise on ways to optimise the remaining vision. Frequent changes in your glasses prescription may be necessary.
Diabetes is the most common cause of reduced vision in the population.
Key points for diabetic patients:
If diabetes is poorly controlled, or not monitored sufficiently it can have a negative impact on vision. Visual changes may include:
Retinal Photography is recommended for diabetes sufferers along with those suffering from high blood pressure, headaches, flashing lights, floaters, glaucoma, AMD (macular degeneration) and those with a high prescription.
Dry Eye Syndrome is a very common eye condition, which can cause irritation and discomfort. It can occur due to an insufficiency of quantity of tears, a reduction in the quality of the tears, or a combination of both those factors.
Most commonly, the symptoms of Dry Eye include:
There are many things that can contribute to Dry Eye Syndrome including the following factors:
Dry Eye Syndrome is a chronic condition usually treated with drops. DW Roberts supply various eye care drops and other treatments for Dry Eye including: Systane, Refresh, Hyabak and Thealoz and Eyebags.
Dry Eye Clinic
If you are experiencing symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome, DW Roberts can provide a dedicated, specialist Dry Eye Assessment in order to assess the extent of your dry eye condition and to formulate an effective treatment plan. Our staff have undertaken specialist Dry Eye education and training in the diagnosis and treatment of Dry Eye. The assessment includes tear quantity/quality testing, examination of the front of the eyes and eyelids, a written treatment plan and advice for obtaining the maximum benefit from using the prescribed treatments at home.
Please contact your nearest branch of DW Roberts to book a Dry Eye Assessment or to obtain further information. (The Dry Eye Clinic is a chargeable private service not covered by the NHS.)
Glaucoma is a progressive eye condition caused by changes taking place at the back of the eye. This can result in severely reduced vision if left untreated. Anybody with a family history of glaucoma should have sight tests annually.
Glaucoma screening tests include:
Retinal photography is recommended for diabetes sufferers along with those suffering from high blood pressure, headaches, flashing lights, floaters, diabetes, AMD (macular degeneration) and those with a high prescription.
If your optician suspects glaucoma, you will be referred to the hospital for more screening tests. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, you may be given drops to control the pressure. In some cases surgery may be required. If you have any questions about glaucoma, please ask your optician.
A retinal detachment is not as common as the conditions mentioned above but a brief description has been included. The retina is a layer at the back of the eye that receives light to form an image in the brain. In certain instances the retina can become dislodged, which can result in severe vision loss in that eye. If you have, or are thought to be at risk of having a retinal detachment, you will be referred to hospital where they may perform surgery to attempt to prevent the detachment progressing, or to try to re-attach the retina to the back of the eye.
Symptoms to be concerned about:
If you have any of these symptoms, please contact your optician urgently, if you are not able to contact your optician, you should contact your GP or go straight to A&E.
Perhaps the most important point to make is regular eye examinations will help you keep your vision performing at its best achievable level and early signs of changes requiring further investigation will be identified.
If you are concerned about any of the common eye conditions described above, please book an appointment.